The first tier of Government. These operate at a level below district and borough councils and in some cases, unitary authorities.
They are democratically elected and can help on a number of local issues, such as providing:
They also have the power to issue fixed penalty fines for things like:
These cover a smaller area than county councils. Tandridge District Council covers 21 parish or village councils.
They are usually responsible for services like:
Surrey County Council covers 11 district and borough councils.
These are responsible for services across the whole of a county, such as:
In some parts of the country, there’s just 1 (unitary) tier of local government providing all the local services.
The 3 main types are:
As of April 2021, there are 339 local authorities in England, of which 25 are county councils, 188 are district councils, and 126 are single-tier authorities. [Source – House of Commons Library]